Whenever you use or plug an appliance, flip a switch, or even as simple as adjusting your reading light, you are interacting with your whole house wiring. Normally, a house is composed of several types of home wiring – electrical wiring for distribution of power and electricity, telephone wiring, heating and ventilation, and lighting. Even old houses have old house electrical wiring, and those, however, need to be updated to new connections to avoid high electric bills and to have an even more efficient energy-saving capacity.
These wiring systems have steps for troubleshooting electrical wiring if there are things that are not working properly in the household. Emergency electrical service is also available for emergency situations that occur in a home.
There are different types of electrical house wiring systems that most electricians use in domestic or housing properties. Here are 5 different types of electrical house wiring systems:
- Cleat Wiring. This type of wiring is composed of PVC insulated wired or ordinary VIR that are braided and compounded. This is a temporary wiring system that is not suited for domestic places. It is also rarely used these days.
- Casing and Capping Wiring. This, too, is quite popular in the past but is not used these days anymore. Like cleat wiring, this kind of electrical wiring used PVC, VIRr, and other approved insulated cables.
- Batten Wiring. This is when there is a single electrical wire or a group of wires that are laid over a wooden batten. There are wires placed on the wooden batten with a brass clip. These wires are spaced at an interval of 10 centimeters for horizontal runs and 15 centimeters for vertical runs.
- Lead Sheathed Wiring. This type of wiring uses conductors that are insulated with VIR and covered with an outer sheath of lead aluminum alloy which contains 95% lead. The metal sheath protects the wires and cables from corrosion, mechanical damage, and moisture.
- Conduit Wiring. There are two types of conduit wiring:
- Surface Conduit Wiring is when GI or PVC conduits are installed on walls and roofs. The conduits are attached to the walls using a 2-hole strap and base clip at regular distances and the wires are arranged inside the conduits.
- Concealed Conduit Wiring. This is when the conduits are hidden inside the wall slots or chiseled into brick walls. Electrical wires are laid inside the conduits as well. Many prefer this type of wiring because not only is it stronger, but aesthetically appealing as well.
Always remember that if there are changes to your home wiring, get an electrical home safety inspection in order to minimize the risks of hazards like fire.